The B.A. degree in Ecosystem Science and Policy is recommended in preparation for careers in law, government and business, including professional schools and careers in government and private industries concerned with the environment. Students pursuing the B.A. may choose to have the major fulfill either the STEM or People & Society cognate; they will need to complete the other cognate plus the Arts & Humanities cognate.  Students with a second major in another school or college should consult their advisors regarding requirements for that major.  Any course used to fulfill one ECS requirement cannot be used to fulfill another; however, courses other than the ECS core can be used to fulfill requirements for a cognate, minor, or second major.  Students whose primary college is Arts & Sciences are required to complete four courses designated as "Writing Intensive" (also known as "W") courses. Those seeking a B.A. degree in ECS must complete at least two, but as many as four, ECS courses designated as "W". These include ECS 113, ECS 301, ECS 302, ECS 402, and ECS 403  Up to two "W" courses may be selected from other departments. Students whose primary degree is in another school or college should follow its writing requirements. 

Curriculum Requirements

ECS Core Courses
ECS 111Introduction to the Earth's Ecosystem3
ECS 112Field Problems in Ecosystem Science and Policy2
ECS 113Introduction to Environmental Policy3
ECS 201Seminar Series in Contemporary Environmental Issues I1
or ECS 202 Seminar Series in Contemporary Environmental Issues II
ECS 232Ecological Principles and Environmental Applications3
ECS 301Tools for Environmental Decision-Making: The Quantitative Perspective3
ECS 302Perspectives on Environmental Decision Making3
ECS 401Internship3
or ECS 402 Thesis
ECS 403Interdisciplinary Approaches3
Science Core Courses
Geological Sciences:
Select one of the following:3-6
Evolution of the Biosphere
Evolution of the Modern Earth's Environment
Geological Influences on Society
The Earth System
and Earth Processes Lab
Earth System History
Marine Science:
MSC 101Survey of Oceanography3
or MSC 111 Introduction to Marine Science
Electives:
Environmentally-related science elective(s) to total 3 credits 13
Mathematics Courses
MTH 108Precalculus Mathematics II (or higher)3
Select one of the following Statistics courses:3
Environmental Statistics
Environmental Statistics
Biostatistics
Introduction to Probability and Statistics
Introduction To Biobehavioral Statistics For Non-Majors
Social Science Core Courses
GEG 310Geographic Information Systems I3
Select one of the following:3
Economic Principles and Problems
Economic Principles and Problems
Introduction to American National Government
Introduction To Comparative Politics
Introduction to International Relations
Select one of the following:3
Principles of Archaeology
Principles of Cultural Anthropology
Principles of Physical Anthropology
Principles of Linguistic Anthropology
Select three credit hours of environmentally-related People & Society electives: 23
Select three credit hours of environmentally-related People & Society electives at 300 level or higher: 23
Seminar in Anthropology
Anthropology of Nature and Environment
Geographic Information Systems in Urban Design
Environmental Economics
Economics of Developing Countries
Drinking Water: Past, Present, & Future
Population, Health, & Environment
Biogeography & Conservation
Geographic Information Systems II
Remote Sensing of the Environment
GIS & Environmental Modeling
Field Studies in Geography
Nature and the Environment in American History
Economics of Development and the Environment
Poverty and the Environment
Interdisciplinary Topics in Latin American and Caribbean Studies-Travel Course
Legislative Processes
Introduction to Social Research
Additional Required Courses
ENG 105English Composition I3
ENG 106English Composition II3
Arts and Humanities Cognate9
Language Courses9
Minor and Electives42
Total Credit Hours120-123
1

Additional courses may be approved by the ECS program.

2

APY, ARC, ECO, ECS, GEG, HIS, INS, LAS, MAF, POL, SOC

Suggested Plan of Study - with Minor

In this plan, we are showing the case in which study abroad simply counts toward the total required for graduation, 120 credits.  However, study abroad courses generally can be used as courses for ECS, for a minor, or for cognates, in which case there would be additional electives opened up in subsequent semesters.  

Plan of Study Grid
Year One
FallCredit Hours
ECS 111 Introduction to the Earth's Ecosystem 3
MTH 108 Precalculus Mathematics II 3
ENG 105 English Composition I 3
APY 202 Principles of Cultural Anthropology 3
Language Course 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
ECS 112 Field Problems in Ecosystem Science and Policy 2
ECS 113 Introduction to Environmental Policy 3
ENG 106 English Composition II 3
POL 201 Introduction to American National Government 3
ECO 211 Economic Principles and Problems 3
Language Course 3
 Credit Hours17
Year Two
Fall
ECS 201 Seminar Series in Contemporary Environmental Issues I 1
ECS 232 Ecological Principles and Environmental Applications 3
GSC 102 Evolution of the Biosphere 3
ENV Related STEM Course 3
Language Course 3
Minor Course 3
 Credit Hours16
Spring
ECS 301 Tools for Environmental Decision-Making: The Quantitative Perspective 3
GEG 310 Geographic Information Systems I 3
MSC 204 Environmental Statistics 3
Minor Course 3
Arts and Humanities Cognate Course 3
 Credit Hours15
Year Three
Fall
Study Abroad 3
Study Abroad 3
Study Abroad 3
Study Abroad 3
 Credit Hours12
Spring
ECS 302 Perspectives on Environmental Decision Making 3
ECS Elective 300 level or higher 3
Minor Course 3
Arts and Humanities Cognate Course 3
Elective 3
 Credit Hours15
Year Four
Fall
ECS 401 Internship 3
ENV Related People and Society Course 3
ECS Elective 300 level or higher 3
Arts and Humanities Cognate Course 3
Minor Course 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
ECS 403 Interdisciplinary Approaches 3
ENV Related People and Society Cognate Course 1 3
Minor Course 3
ENV Related STEM Course 3
Elective 3
 Credit Hours15
 Total Credit Hours120
1

 This course needs to be at the 300 level or higher.

Suggested Plan of Study - with Second Major 

In this plan, we are showing the case in which no courses from the second major (30 credits) are double counted with ECS.  However, some course may double count, in which case electives will be opened up. 

Plan of Study Grid
Year One
FallCredit Hours
ECS 111 Introduction to the Earth's Ecosystem 3
MTH 108 Precalculus Mathematics II 3
ENG 105 English Composition I 3
Language Course 3
Second Major Course 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
ECS 112 Field Problems in Ecosystem Science and Policy 2
ECS 113 Introduction to Environmental Policy 3
ENG 106 English Composition II 3
POL 201 Introduction to American National Government 3
Language Course 3
Second Major Course 3
 Credit Hours17
Year Two
Fall
ECS 201 Seminar Series in Contemporary Environmental Issues I 1
ECS 232 Ecological Principles and Environmental Applications 3
GSC 102 Evolution of the Biosphere 3
APY 202 Principles of Cultural Anthropology 3
Language Course 3
Second Major Course 3
 Credit Hours16
Spring
ECS 302 Perspectives on Environmental Decision Making 3
MSC 204 Environmental Statistics 3
ECO 211 Economic Principles and Problems 3
GEG 310 Geographic Information Systems I 3
Second Major Course 3
 Credit Hours15
Year Three
Fall
Second Major Course 3
Second Major Course 3
EVN Related STEM Course 3
Arts and Humanities Cognate 3
ECS Elective 300 level or higher 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
ECS 301 Tools for Environmental Decision-Making: The Quantitative Perspective 3
Second Major Course 3
ENV Related People and Society Course 3
ECS Elective 300 level or higher 3
Arts and Humanities Cognate 3
 Credit Hours15
Year Four
Fall
ECS 401 Internship 3
Second Major Course 3
Second Major Course 3
ENV Related People and Society Course 1 3
Arts and Humanities Cognate 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
ECS 403 Interdisciplinary Approaches 3
Second Major Course 3
ECS Elective 300 level or higher 3
Elective 3
 Credit Hours12
 Total Credit Hours120
1

 This course needs to be at the 300 level or higher.