The B.S. degree in Ecosystem Science and Policy is recommended for students intending to attend graduate or professional schools in pursuit of research or academic careers (including secondary or higher education).  It is also suitable for those preparing for technical careers in government and private industries concerned with the environment. Students pursuing the B.S. may choose to have the major fulfill either the STEM or People & Society cognate; they will need to complete the other cognate plus the Arts & Humanities cognate.  Students with a second major in another school or college should consult their advisors regarding requirements for that major and school or college.  Any course used to fulfill one ECS requirement cannot be used to fulfill another; however, courses other than the ECS core can be used to fulfill requirements for a cognate, minor, or second major.  Students whose primary college is Arts & Sciences are required to complete four courses designated as "Writing Intensive" (also known as "W") courses. Those seeking a B.S. degree in ECS must complete at least two, but as many as four, ECS courses designated as "W". These include ECS 113, ECS 301, ECS 302, ECS 402, and ECS 403.  Up to two "W" courses may be selected from other departments. Students whose primary degree is in another school or college should follow its writing requirements. 

Curriculum Requirements

ECS Core Courses
ECS 111Introduction to the Earth's Ecosystem3
ECS 112Field Problems in Ecosystem Science and Policy2
ECS 113Introduction to Environmental Policy3
ECS 201Seminar Series in Contemporary Environmental Issues I1
or ECS 202 Seminar Series in Contemporary Environmental Issues II
ECS 232Ecological Principles and Environmental Applications3
or BIL 330 Ecology
ECS 301Tools for Environmental Decision-Making: The Quantitative Perspective3
ECS 302Perspectives on Environmental Decision Making3
ECS 401Internship3
or ECS 402 Thesis
ECS 403Interdisciplinary Approaches3
ECS electives at the 300 level or higher6
In addition, students must take the following courses, which may fulfill cognate or second major requirements:
Science Core Courses
A science course at the 110 level or above with lab (BIL, GSC, MSC, PHY)4
CHM 111
CHM 113
Principles of Chemistry I
and Chemistry Laboratory I
4
CHM 112
CHM 114
Principles of Chemistry II
and Chemistry Laboratory II
4
CAE 240Environmental Pollution3
or CAE 340 Introduction to Environmental Engineering
Complete one of the ECS science tracks (see table below)9-22
Environmental Chemistry Track
Environmental Health track
Geology track
Geospatial Certificate track
Mathematics track
Conservation Biology track
Climate Science & Policy track
Mathematics Courses
Select one of the following:8-9
Calculus I for Engineers
and Calculus II
Calculus I
and Calculus II
Calculus I
and Calculus II
Select one of the following Statistics courses:3
Environmental Statistics
Environmental Statistics
Biostatistics
Introduction to Probability and Statistics
Introduction To Biobehavioral Statistics For Non-Majors
Social Science Core Courses
Select one of the following Economics/Political Science courses for BS:3
Topics in Environmental Economics and Development
Economic Principles and Problems
Economic Principles and Problems
Global Economics
Poverty and the Environment
Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment
Introduction to American National Government
Introduction To Comparative Politics
Introduction to International Relations
Select one of the following ECS social science skills courses for BS: 13
Introduction to Business Law
Ocean Law
Principles of Advertising
Visual Design
Web Design
Topics in Environmental Communication
Topics in Environmental Economics and Development
Understanding Human Service Organizations
Fundamentals of Finance for Non-Finance Majors
Fundamentals of Finance
Physical Geography
International Relations Topics (e.g., Role of Foreign Aid in International Development)
Research Design in Latin American Studies
Introduction to Entrepreneurship
Operations Management
Foundations of Marketing
Critical Thinking
Logic and Law
Legislative Processes
State Government and Politics
Interest Groups and Lobbying
Non-Profit Organizations: Law, Policy, and Management
Introduction to Social Research
Geographic Information Systems I
Additional Required Courses
ENG 105English Composition I3
ENG 106English Composition II3
Arts and Humanities Cognate9
Language Courses9
Electives/Additional minor 225
Total Credit Hours120-134

Track Requirements 

Complete one of the following ECS science tracks:
Environmental Chemistry Track: 311-12
Select three of the following (must include 2 labs):
Organic Chemistry I (Lecture)
and Organic Chemistry Laboratory I
Organic Chemistry II (Lecture)
and Organic Chemistry Laboratory II
Physical Chemistry I (Lecture)
and Physical Chemistry (Laboratory I)
Physical Chemistry II (Lecture)
and Physical Chemistry (Laboratory II)
Environmental Chemistry
Geology track: 419-21
The Earth System
and Earth Processes Lab
Earth System History
Earth Materials
Select two of the following:
Depositional and Diagenetic Systems
Paleontology and Stratigraphy
Environmental Geochemistry
Geophysics
Structural Geology
Hydrogeology
Geospatial Certificate track: 515
Geographic Information Systems I
Remote Sensing of the Environment
Geographic Information Systems II
Select 2 of the following:
Spatial Data Analysis I
Topics in Geography
Advanced Topics in Geography
Digital Cartography
Spatial Data Analysis II
Web GIS
Mathematics track: 69
Mathematical Models in Biology and Medicine
Select two of the following:
Introduction to Linear Algebra
Multivariable Calculus
Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equations
Environmental Health track: 723-25
General Biology
and General Biology Laboratory
Chemistry For The Biosciences I
CHM211 Chemistry for the Biosciences II
CHM212 Chemistry for the Biosciences III
Select one of the following:
Introductory Epidemiology
Biochemistry For The Biomedical Sciences
Introduction to Microbes and the Immune System
Medical Parasitology
Climate Science & Policy track: 818
Introduction to Marine Science
Introduction To Weather And Climate
Survey of Modern Meteorology
Climate Science and Policy
Select two courses from the following:
Climate and Global Change
The Earth's Climate: Past and Future
Earth's Ancient Atmospheres, Climates, And Sea Levels
Other approved climate science course
Select one course from the following:
Coastal Law
Ocean Law
Ocean Policy
Decision Making and the Environment
Other approved climate policy course
Conservation Biology track: 922
General Biology
and General Biology Laboratory
Evolution and Biodiversity
Select 12 credits from the following (must include 3 credits in the field/lab category:
Evolution and Disease
General Botany
Introduction to Marine Biology
Genetics
Marine Biota and Biogeochemical Cycles
Global Primary Production
Ecology
Survey of Marine Mammals
Comparative Physiology
Coral Reef Science and Management
Conservation in Practice
Origins, Ecology and Conservation of Insular Diversity
Animal Behavior
Conservation And Protected Areas
Field/Lab Category:
General Botany Laboratory
Introduction to Marine Biology Laboratory
Invertebrate Zoology
Biology of Birds
Ecology Laboratory
Tropical Ecology
Ecology in the Galapagos
Advanced Herprtology
1

Note:ECS B.S. majors without a second major must take a GIS course, e.g. GEG310.

2

Note: For tracks having a higher credit count, the number of electives available is reduced.

3

Note: CHM111/CHM113, CHM112/CHM114 must be taken before the Environmental Chemistry track.  Fulfillment of the Environmental Chemistry track earns a Chemistry minor.

4

Note: Fulfillment of the Geology track earns a minor in Geological Sciences.

5

Note: Fulfillment of the Geospatial Certificate track PLUS GEG 110 earns a geography minor.

6

Note: Calculus II must be taken before the Mathematics track.  Fulfillment of the Mathematics track earns a Mathematics minor.

7

 Note: The 12-credit CHM121/221/222 sequence of the Environmental Health track replaces the normal 8 credit ECS B.S. CHM111/112/113/114 series,  making the effective credit count for the Environmental Chemistry track 19-21.   This track as described does not earn a minor; additional courses to finish a minor (or a separate minor) must be undertaken.

8

 Note: MSC346 (co-listed with ECS403) taken to satisfy the Climate Science & Policy track cannot also satisfy the ECS403 core course requirement; a separate ECS403 section must be taken.  Fulfillment of the track earns a minor in Climate Science & Policy.

9

 Note:  BIL539 (Co-listed with ECS403) taken to satisfy the Conservation Biology track cannot also satisfy the ECS403 core course requirement; a separate ECS403 section must be taken.  Fulfillment of the Conservation Biology track earns a Biology minor.

*

Students following the ECS Bachelor of Science must complete either a track (listed separately above) or a second major in a STEM field.

Suggested Plan of Study - with Track

Plan of Study Grid
Year One
FallCredit Hours
ECS 111 Introduction to the Earth's Ecosystem 3
ENG 105 English Composition I 3
CHM 111 Principles of Chemistry I 3
CHM 113 Chemistry Laboratory I 1
MTH 108 Precalculus Mathematics II 3
Elective 3
 Credit Hours16
Spring
ECS 112 Field Problems in Ecosystem Science and Policy 2
ECS 113 Introduction to Environmental Policy 3
ENG 106 English Composition II 3
CHM 112 Principles of Chemistry II 3
CHM 114 Chemistry Laboratory II 1
Pre-track course + lab 4
 Credit Hours16
Year Two
Fall
ECS 201 Seminar Series in Contemporary Environmental Issues I 1
ECS 232 Ecological Principles and Environmental Applications 3
MTH 171 Calculus I 4
GEG 310 Geographic Information Systems I 3
Pre-track course + lab 4
 Credit Hours15
Spring
CAE 240 Environmental Pollution 3
MTH 172 Calculus II 4
Track Course #1 3
ECO or POL Course 3
 Credit Hours13
Year Three
Fall
ECS 302 Perspectives on Environmental Decision Making 3
MSC 204 Environmental Statistics 3
Language Course #1 3
Track Course #2 3
Elective 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
ECS 301 Tools for Environmental Decision-Making: The Quantitative Perspective 3
Language Course #2 3
Track Course #3 3
Arts and Humanities Cognate #1 3
Elective 3
 Credit Hours15
Year Four
Fall
ECS 401 Internship 3
Language Course #3 3
Track Course #4 3
Arts and Humanities Cognate #2 3
ECS Elective 300 level or higher 3
 Credit Hours15
Spring
ECS 403 Interdisciplinary Approaches 3
Arts and Humanities Cognate #3 3
ECS Elective 300 level or higher 3
Elective 3
Elective 3
 Credit Hours15
 Total Credit Hours120

Suggested Plan of Study - with Second Major

Plan of Study Grid
Year One
FallCredit Hours
ECS 111 Introduction to the Earth's Ecosystem 3
ENG 105 English Composition I 3
CHM 111 Principles of Chemistry I 3
CHM 113 Chemistry Laboratory I 1
MTH 108 Precalculus Mathematics II 3
 Credit Hours13
Spring
ECS 112 Field Problems in Ecosystem Science and Policy 2
ECS 113 Introduction to Environmental Policy 3
ENG 106 English Composition II 3
CHM 112 Principles of Chemistry II 3
CHM 114 Chemistry Laboratory II 1
Second Major Course + Lab 4
 Credit Hours16
Year Two
Fall
ECS 201 Seminar Series in Contemporary Environmental Issues I 1
ECS 232 Ecological Principles and Environmental Applications 3
MTH 171 Calculus I 4
GEG 310 Geographic Information Systems I 3
Second Major Cousre + Lab 4
 Credit Hours15
Spring
CAE 240 Environmental Pollution 3
MTH 172 Calculus II 4
Second Major Course + Lab 4
Second Major Course 3
ECO or POL course 3
 Credit Hours17
Year Three
Fall
ECS 302 Perspectives on Environmental Decision Making 3
MSC 204 Environmental Statistics 3
Language Course 3
Second Major Course + Lab 4
 Credit Hours13
Spring
ECS 301 Tools for Environmental Decision-Making: The Quantitative Perspective 3
Language Course 3
Second Major Course 3
Arts and Humanities Cognate 3
ECS Elective 300 level or higher 3
 Credit Hours15
Year Four
Fall
ECS 401 Internship 3
Language Course 3
Second Major Course + Lab 4
Second Major Course 3
Arts and Humanities Cognate 3
 Credit Hours16
Spring
ECS 403 Interdisciplinary Approaches 3
Second Major Course 3
Second Major Course 3
Arts and Humanities Cognate 3
ECS Elective 300 level or higher 3
 Credit Hours15
 Total Credit Hours120